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- heartburn (acid or gastro-oesophageal reflux)

- indigestion (dyspepsia)

- difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)

- painful swallowing (odynophagia)

- upper abdominal pain or weight loss (for possible stomach               ulcers or cancer)

- anaemia

- gastro-intestinal bleeding



Indications for transnasal endoscopy

View of the stomach during TNE